29 Depending on jurisdiction, offenses requiring registration range in their severity from public urination or children and teenagers experimenting with their peers, to violent predatory sexual offenses.
All 50 states and District of Columbia maintain registries that are open to public via sex offender registration websites, although some registered sex offenders are visible to law enforcement only.
Offenders are monitored for eight years, 15 years or the remainder of their life (four years or 7 years for juvenile offenders).3 31 Juvenile convicts account for as much as 25 percent of the registrants.Searches based on names, dates of birth and other alphanumeric identifiers are not always accurate.Some states appear to apply "catch-all" statutes for former registrants moving into their jurisdiction, requiring registration and public posting of information, even when the person has completed their original registration period.In some states only the highest risk (Tier III) offenders are subject to public disclosure, while some states also include moderate-risk (Tier II) offenders in public websites.
"Collateral Consequences of Sex Offender Registration".
Retrieved Michael Schwirtz (4 February 2013).
Some sex offenders may come to view their central identity as being that of a sex offender due to the registry, and the more a sex offender views themselves as being a criminal the more likely they are to reoffend.Studies have shown that actuarial risk assessment instruments consistently outperform the offense-based system mandated by federal law.Application to offenses other than felony sexual offenses edit Sex offender registration has been applied to crimes other than rape, child molestation, and child pornography offenses and is sometimes applied to certain non-sexual offenses.Retrieved sex offender list in delaware "State Supreme Court overturns sex offender housing rules in San Diego; law could affect Orange County, beyond".The laws extend to nonviolent offenses, low-risk offenders, and thus dilute the law enforcement potency of sex offender registries.A sex offender registry is a system in various countries designed to allow government authorities to keep track of the activities of sex offenders including those who have completed their criminal sentences.